Symptoms for nasal fractures include deformity, nose bleeding and clear nasal discharge. Medical treatment consists of stopping any nasal bleeding, and realigning the nose after swelling decreases. This treatment requires a hospital admission, and a follow up visit approximately one week after initial treatment.
Symptoms for orbital or eye fractures include pain, decreased or double vision, nausea, vomiting, facial numbness, black eye, blood in the white of the eye, bruising, and swelling. Treatment depends on the severity of the fracture. Minor or small fractures do not require surgery. Instead, treatment consists of icing the eye socket to reduce swelling and allowing the fracture to heal with time. Your ophthalmologist may also prescribe antibiotics and decongestants. Severe fractures result impair the eye’s ability to function properly, and often require surgery.
These fractures are caused by direct force or trauma to the jawbone. Symptoms for jaw fractures include jaw pain, swelling, bruising under the tongue, inability to fully open the mouth, the teeth do not fit together properly, difficulty speaking, bleeding inside the mouth, and difficulty breathing. Prior to seeking medical treatment, you should ice your jaw to reduce swelling. Medical treatment consists of antibiotics, pain medication, and wiring of the upper and lower teeth. Severe and unstable fractures require surgery, which restores jaw function and ability to eat properly.
Symptoms for cheekbone fractures include pain in the injured area, bruising around the cheek and eye, bloodshot eye, blurred vision, flattened cheek, restricted eye movement, and facial numbness. Treatment depends on the severity of the fracture. If the fracture is stable and does not present complications to other facial structures, surgery is generally not needed. However, surgery is recommended to address any instability that affect daily activities or any cosmetic defects, such as a depressed or flattened cheek.
If you exhibit any of the above symptoms following your accident or fall, you should seek immediate medical attention. Failure to do so may exacerbate the fracture and associated symptoms.